+462°C to +462°C
7,521 miles (12,104 km)
Distance from the Sun:
67 million miles (108m km)
Rotation about axis:
Revolution about Sun:
Venus is a planet with a similar size, mass, density, composition and gravity to that of the Earth.
However, unlike earth it is covered in 12.5 mile (20 km) thick sulphuric acid clouds. These clouds trap the sun's heat, making it the hottest planet in the solar system.
It was once thought that a tropical paradise could lie below the clouds. But, as radio mapping was developed in the 1960s, scientists discovered that the surface of Venus is actually a hellish volcanic landscape with no sign of water due to the immense heat.
Turbulent Opaque Clouds
• Full-fat milk
• Food colouring
• Dish soap
• White dish
• Cotton buds
Small measures of food colouring were dropped into a dish of full-fat milk.
Then a few drops of dish soap were dipped in on the tips of cotton buds.
This created several chemical reactions between the fat in the milk and the dish soap. The food colour just went along for the ride in swirling, cloud-like patterns.